Friday, March 13, 2020

Mitosis Versus Meiosis essays

Mitosis Versus Meiosis essays Mitosis and Meiosis are very different for many reasons. One reason being what they produce. Two being how they are produced. And three being what they both insure. Mitosis is different than Meiosis because of many things. The first thing would be that they produce different things. One thing that they produce differently would be that Mitosis produces body cells, also known as Somatic cells and Meiosis produces sex cells or Gametes. Mitosis produces only two daughter cells while meiosis produces four daughter cells. Another difference would be that Mitosis produces cells for growth and repair, while Meiosis produces cells for sexual reproduction. Mitosis and Meiosis are produced very differently. Instead of just the five main steps, Interphase, Prophase, Metaphase, Anaphase and Telophase, Meiosis has not only those but an additional Interphase (II ), Prophase (II), Metaphase (II), Anaphase (II), and Telophase (II). Mitosis is produced to make cells for growth and repair and meiosis is produced to make cells for sexual reproduction. Those are two very different things because cells that grow and repair help to keep those cells that already exist healthy and happy while the reproduction is used for making more cells. Mitosis and Meiosis both insure different things like Mitosis insures that all daughter cells are genetically identical, while Meiosis insures that it will generate genetic diversity through the crossing over and random separation of homologous pairs of chromosomes. Mitosis also has a difference in metaphase. In metaphase the chromosomes line up singly. In meiosis metaphase I the chromosomes line up as homologous pairs. The two double chromosomes are called a tetrad when they are lined up side by side, the crossing over occurs during the tetrad. Also there is a difference in the nuclear division of the two. In mitosis there is only one nuclear division while in meiosis there ...

Tuesday, February 25, 2020

Marketing Mix for U.S.A car market Chery Cars China Essay - 6

Marketing Mix for U.S.A car market Chery Cars China - Essay Example The Isdera Company should also go for standardization of its operations. It can be concluded that all the seven elements of the marketing mix are imperative to a successful international business. Founded in 1997, Chery Company is in the automotive industry in China, specializing in manufacture of minivans, and passenger cars (CheryInternational, 2014). Records indicate that this company is the largest exporter of passenger cars in China, a record that it has held since 2003 (AsiaTimes, 2014). The operations of this company are mainly based in China, but it has also extended its operations to other countries such as Argentina, Egypt, and Iran among others. The company’s most recent developments include the joint ventures with Qoror and Tata motors, a move which has led to the increased production of Chey Jaguar and Chery Land rover (CheryInternational, 2014). The USA car buyers and users are a unique lot. While buyers in other countries prefer big and huge vehicles, the USA consumers prefer the smaller sized vehicles (Luxury Daily, 2013). They also prefer vehicles with the latest technology. One rule under which the USA consumers operate is the â€Å"value for money†. They are not afraid to spend large sums of money so long as the product is worth it (Arguea, Hsiao and Taylor, 2006). They also consider their status when buying a car as they are a populace that values elegant appearances. Marketing mix refers to the strategies and activities that an organisation considers to ensure that the needs of its customers are adequately and sufficiently met (Bowman and Gatignon, 2010). There seven elements in this mix include product, place, price, promotions, physical environment, people and process. Each element is a great determinate of the success of a business, especially one that has grown global as Wendooth (2009) notes. In a bid to achieve homogenization, manufacturers have opted to embrace globalization and see the world as one

Sunday, February 9, 2020

LAND LAW Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2250 words

LAND LAW - Essay Example Charlotte, who is William’s solicitor, is unaware of the previous arrangements done on the property1. Charlotte has acquired a register of the title to Abbey farm from the land registry. The register however does not show any connection of the farm with previous loan associated with Simon who is William’s brother. A mortgage entail transferring land interest as security for other obligation or loan as stipulated in a case of ROPAIGELACH v BARCLAYS BANK (2000). The court accorded the mortgagee a right over the property even in the absence of the mortgagor. Property and real estate laws cover a diverse legal area that is regulated by the common laws and statutes. Real estate is mostly linked with buildings or structures and the land. Real estate comprises land and the materials belonging to it. Immovable structures such as trees, houses, minerals and bushes attached to the land are part of it2. Owning a real estate comes with benefits such as rights and interests associated with it. Land and the attached properties have been utilized as security for loans in various occasions. William is utilizing his Abbey farm as security toward the loan acquired from the Loamshire building society. William is the mortgagor while the mortgagee is Loamshire building society. The society is providing loan in exchange of security interest3. Most lending societies usually set the maximum amount of money that can be borrowed and used as security. If the property to be used as security has a mortgage, a second charge is utilized. In reality the first mortg age ranks before the second charge created in partnership between William and the society. Since the registry applied by charlotte does not include Simon’s loan and the security information. It will be a challenge for Mark to defend Simon as a solicitor in cases where the security is not indicated. The law governing mortgage is aimed at preventing criminals from taking an

Thursday, January 30, 2020

The rest of the play Essay Example for Free

The rest of the play Essay When Mr and Mrs Putnam are talking with Parris, they start referring to their own child exploits and tell of murdered babies. Parris is at first shocked and then slightly disbelieving of them until Putnam mentions a murdering witch. (Parris turns to Betty, a frantic terror rises in him. ) This shows one of the most dramatic parts of Act 1. Miller gives the audience the impression that hysteria will happen in the future. I think this because this is an action that shows a mortal fear in Parris for witches because of what the accusation will do to his reputation. This could explain his actions later in the play and why he is damming the suspect with such conviction. Miller structures the idea of witchcraft being spread throughout the village very carefully and intelligently. He sets up some characters, Abby, Mercy, Goody Putnam and Mr Putnam, to be gossipy, manipulative and vindictive. They hear a hint of witchcraft and instantly they play upon the this rumour to their own advantage. We can gain these clues by the opening actions of characters and the background information provided by Miller. Here are a couple of characters I have chosen. Abby (A striking beautiful girl, an orphan, with and endless capacity for disassembling. ) Mr Putnam Another reason to believe him a deeply embittered man with his attempt to break his fathers will. So it is not surprising to find that so many accusations against people are in the handwriting of Thomas Putnam, or that his name is so often found as a witness corroborating the supernatural testimony. These quotations give the audience clues of their darker side in their personalities. The dramatic action in the first act sets up expectation of an explosive story and plot. When Parris presses Abby and aggressively questions her as well and Abby viciously shakes Betty on the bed. These incidents could lead to there being more of these in the future. Some parallels can be drawn from the first acts events and events later on in the play. When Parris presses in Abby and she tries to speak her opinion, this happens later on but with Proctor, her secret adulterer instead of her uncle, in the first act. Also at the end of Act 1 the children are causing hysteria by naming random people in the village, they cause hysteria when Mary Warren tries to prove they are unauthentic. The actions in the first act are structured by Miller so that the actions reappear in the later stages, while the people dont learn from their mistakes. The language that Miller uses is Arcane, the old English that was used in the colony of America. He uses this old language to great effect to reflect the time and the religious metaphors and symbolism that is contained in Arcane. One such phrase is, Mark this! This is a great phrase for people to hear you and recognise you in a conversation. He uses implicit meanings in the language to try and give clues for later on in the play. He uses this in his opening description of Abby. .. an endless capacity for disassembling. The explicit meaning of this is that she can take things apart for a long time but there is a sub-meaning to this. She can break more things that are not physical with her strikingly beautiful looks she could break people, their hearts and their lifes. I feel that The Crucible has a lot of cumulative factors that give is clues to the storyline, the action in the future and how the characters will develop.

Wednesday, January 22, 2020

Sparta: Uncultured Discipline Essay -- essays research papers

Sparta: Uncultured Discipline The Spartans were the most formidable warriors in all of history. They dedicated their entire lives to warfare. They were taught to endure cold, hunger, pain, their courage on the battlefield was second to none. The Spartan code was to fight hard, follow orders without question and to die rather then retreat or surrender. To achieve all this, Sparta sacrificed everything; the arts, culture, and other things that make life worth while. I believe the price was to high they went to far and shut off all that was creative and human in Sparta. A culture that can't change or adapt doesn't survive. This is exactly what happened , after a single major defeat in 360 B.C Sparta was no longer a significant factor in the region (Isaac Asimov, 1965, p. 178). The original founders of "modern" Sparta were the Dorians. At around 1100 B.C these savages came from the north into what is today Greece. They attacked the Mycenean civilization thriving there and quickly defeated them. The secret behind the remarkable victories against the Myceneans was iron, the Dorians knew how to forge iron weapons which completely outclassed the bronze weaponry of the Myceneans (Carl Roebuck, 1966, p. 119). In Mycenean times Sparta had been a important city, but after Dorian conquest it sank to insignificance. Over the next three hundred years it recovered and began to prosper. By 800 B.C it ruled over the region called Lacedonia. Up to about 650 B.C Sparta was pretty much like every other Greek state. They had music, art and poetry. During the seventh century, a musician named Terpander came to Sparta and established himself their. He is called the "father of Greek music," he's also supposed to off improved the lyre (a harp like instrument). The most widely known Spartan musician was Tyrtaeus. He lived during the Second Messenian War and his music inspired many Spartan soldiers to new heights of bravery (Isaac Asimov, 1965, p. 53). But then something happened, a war with the Messinians. The First Messenian War broke out in 730 B.C, when the Spartans marched into Messenia eager for more land. After 20 long years of war the Messenians were forced to surrender. They were made into helots (slave... ...sp; In order to achieve military glory the Spartans gave up nearly everything. Later on Greeks from other city states admired the Spartan way of life because it seemed so noble. They were wrong to think this way, to art, music, literature and other such pursuits they donated nothing. She only had a cruel, inhuman way of life to offer, dependent on a barbaric slavery of most of her population, with only a kind of blind animal courage as a virtue. Before long the Spartan way of life was more show then substance, Sparta seemed strong as long she was victorious, but other states could survive defeat and rise again. After a single major defeat (against Thebes) Sparta lost her domination of Greece. This catastrophic loss exposed the Spartan fraud and disposed of her. Reference List - Asimov, Issac. (1965). The Greeks A Great Adventure. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company - Hillyer V.M, E.G Huey. (1966). Ancient World 500 BC - 500 AD. New York: Meredith Press - National Georgraphic Society. (1968). Greece and Rome Builders of Our World. Washington D.C: Author - Roebuck, Carl. (1966). The World of Ancient Times. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons

Tuesday, January 14, 2020

Why Is Recycling Important Environmental Sciences Essay

Recycling is a procedure where waste or used merchandises are reproduced into new merchandises. A merchandise which has served its ain intent will be discarded, and recycling is an attempt to widen the usage life of a merchandise, therefore conveying a batch of benefits to humanity and the female parent Earth. Most points around us are reclaimable, although there are specific techniques used to recycle different stuff, including metal, plastic and paper. The full procedure of recycling involves 3 basic stairss. The used stuff has to be collected, and so sorted harmonizing to its stuff. The 2nd measure involves bring forthing useable goods from the sorted points. After the goods were produced, the last measure requires selling of the reproduced goods to the general mass, consumers or a specific market. As the reproduced goods are sold and reused, the full procedure of recycling is complete and will do manner for another rhythm to come.Why is recycling of import?Recycling helps continue the environment in add-on to supplying more useable objects to people without the demand for excess resources. Its importance can be seen in multiple ways. Below are the grounds in which recycling can be good: Recycling Saves the Earth Recycling a stuff can assist continue the environment. For illustration, recycling the paper can ensue in paper production without extra tree falling. By recycling more paper and selling it to consumer, more documents can be used without farther damaging the forest than its current rate of tree falling. Recycling Saves Energy Recycling a stuff takes less energy than to bring forth an point from virgin stuffs. For illustration, an aluminium merchandise uses both the aluminium and the immense sum of energy to bring forth it from natural ore. Therefore by recycling an point made of aluminium, we can recycle the metal once more and besides salvage on the immense energy which helps continue the environment. Recycling Helps Mitigate Global Warming and Reduce Pollution One of the biggest benefits of recycling is salvaging energy. Energy salvaging consequences in less emanation of C or nursery gases which are a byproduct created by energy production, which are damaging and harmful to the environment if released to the ambiance. Recycling Reduces Waste Products in Landfills Waste which are non recycled normally ends up in the landfill. It is here that the waste are left to decompose or decomposed, and this may take many old ages of even coevalss to to the full break up. More and more waste are being sent to the landfills, and if recycling does non take topographic point, the landfill may be right behind our places in the hereafter. Recycling Helps you Save Money Recycled merchandises normally cost less. Using bing stuff and a batch less energy, recycled merchandise can be sold for a fraction of the same point created utilizing virgin stuffs. Apart from that, selling waste for recycling intents converts refuse into utile hard currency. Recycling can besides be done at place, and taught to the kids as a good wont to be nurtured. Biodegradable waste can be used as fertiliser for workss. Creativity goes a long manner in salvaging money and salvaging the planet Earth. Recycling becomes progressively of import in a universe where the population is dining. More and more merchandises are being churned out to consumers. If these merchandises are non recycled at the terminal of the merchandise life, it will take coevalss to interrupt down or break up.Applications of Recycled MaterialsApplication of Recycled GlassMan has found ways to recycle glass. This in fact, is extremely recommended and good to the fabrication line as it is easier to bring forth and be less. Crushed glass known as cullets, thaws easier and faster and cost less than the natural stuffs used to bring forth glass. This pattern is endorsed by the US Environmental Protection Agency as a better and greenish manner to bring forth glass. Common Non-container Uses Harmonizing to Glass Packaging Institute, recycled spectacless are best to be used for its initial intent before it was being sent for recycled. For illustration, glass bottles are best recycled to be made into glass bottles, and those which does non measure up in the container fabrication criterions can be channeled to other uses such as fibreglass. ( See References 2 ) Aggregate Materials Recognize it or non, we ‘re driving over glass every twenty-four hours in our lives. Parking tonss and concrete paving has grounded glass composing. Grounded glass as an effectual base stuff enhances the public presentation of the crushed rock in the mix, and sometimes is independent of other stuffs when used as a base. Glass-phalt is a stuff applied to doing roads, including airdrome tracks and main roads, doing the surface to hold higher clash coefficient, less slippy and less likely to check. Glass-phalt is made of recycled glass. Recycled glass is besides used to do glass beads, which in bend is used to do brooding pigment on the route. Abrasive Media Harmonizing to the Clean Washington Center, the use of recycled glass as scratchy media is known as â€Å" basal burden market † . It is verified that recycled glass has equal or better quality than traditionally used scratchy media, such as aluminium oxide or walnut shell. This makes recycled glass extremely competent in the surface readying of fabricating equipment constituents and even ships. Furthermore, less recycled glass is required to bring forth the same occupation when compared with use of traditional mineral. Furthermore, glass has the advantage of being non-detrimental to wellness with no silicon oxide exposure dust. Landscaping Green-scaping is a term used for landscape merchandises which are manufactured utilizing recycled glass. Glass does non absorb wet unlike its wooden opposite number, therefore bettering H2O bringing. It besides comes in assorted colourss to take from. Manufacturers use crushed porcelain in concrete slab in add-on to the recycled glass to adorn tracts and terracesApplication of Recycled PaperPuting the paper in the recycle bin helps re-create paper from bing resources. This diverts the waste meant for landfills into useable merchandises which uses less energy, H2O and stuff to bring forth. How Much Paper is Recycled? How much paper is really recycled? Research shows that the sum of paper being recycled has reached record degrees. Harmonizing to the Paper Industry Association Council, â€Å" In 2008, 57.4 per centum of the paper consumed in the U.S. was recovered for recycling. This impressive figure peers 340 lbs for each adult male, adult female and kid in America. † Limits on Paper Recycling Documents are limited by the fibre it contains. As paper is recycled each clip, it breaks down into mush. This can be done for a maximal six or seven times. The fibre so will be shortened each clip until it is non useable. Office Grade Paper Office class documents are the highest quality documents in the rhythm of recycling. Its quality and firmness plus its hardy fibres, this type of paper are frequently recycled back into its initial class. However, decoloring is required to reproduce its whiteness. Newspaper Documents used for newspaper are frequently low choice paper, therefore it can non be recycled into better quality paper. As paper can non be upgraded through recycling, the paper used for newspaper are frequently recycled back into its initial use or lesser class Cardboard Cardboard, whether corrugated or pressboard, is made of the lowest quality paper. If it ‘s of all time recycled, it can be used for packaging. Producing boxes or cartons is ideal, as the colour or brightness dulls overtime as it is recycled, and boxing boxes like cartons seldom considers colour as an of import factor. Tissue Tissue can be a signifier of recycled merchandise. Since strength of paper is non an issue, unserviceable fibres are normally used for bring forthing tissue. Other Uses for Recycled Paper There are many other merchandises that are produced utilizing recycled paper: java filters, nappies, egg cartons, shoe boxes, serviettes or insularity.Application of recycled PlasticRecycled plastic can be used in many applications and merchandises, such as packaging, building or car constituents. Boxing Recycled PET or HDPE is chiefly used in packaging by retail merchants. Household names such as Coca Cola, The Body Shop or M & A ; S normally use recycled plastic in some of their merchandises. Use of recycled plastic helps show a trade name image towards committedness to sustainable resource usage. Construction Recycled plastic is used a batch in building stuffs, such as drainage pipes, ducting or flooring. It is innovated into scaffolding boards or curbstones, where its lastingness and weight has superior benefit to Health and Safety intents. Landscaping Landscaping utilizations recycled plastics to be made into paseos, breakwaters, pontoons, Bridgess, fencings and marks. Durability, low care, vandal opposition, and its opposition to decompose are all cardinal grounds for plastic being used. Textile fibre / vesture Polyester fleece vesture and polyester filling for eiderdowns is often made from recycled PET bottles ( e. g. soft drink and H2O bottles ) . Polyester fibre is the biggest individual market for recycled PET bottles worldwide. Street furniture Street furniture, seating, bins, street marks and plantation owners are often made from plastic. They are cost competitory and immune to hooliganism. Local governments and schools are able to show recycling in action by stipulating recycled merchandises. Bin liners/ garbage pokes Plastic movie from beginnings such as palette wrap, bearer bags, and agricultural movie are made into new movie merchandises such as bin line drives, bearer bags and garbage pokes on a big graduated table.Application of Recycled MetalThe maps of metals like steel, Cu, and aluminium was revealed 1000s of old ages ago. Their belongingss and features of strong, lasting, ductile and high conduction are extremely of import in a broad scope of merchandises today. However, metals are resources of the Earth which has finite measure and non replenish-able. Metallic element sedimentations are non-renewable resources that will run out if it is continued to be mined at the current rate. Therefore, it is extremely of import to recycle metals. Metallic elements can be recycled without losing any their key belongingss. Inefficient recovery of metals from industrial and consumer waste increases the force per unit area on the non-renewable resources of the Earth from which they are extracted. Discarding metal is bad for the environment due to the release of metallic atoms in the ecosystem. Recycling and metal recovery from the waste watercourse is indispensable in continuing valuable resources and the environment. Recycling metals are effectual because they can be recycled for infinite times, doing them highly friendly to the environment. Metallic elements differ from polymer plastics in a manner that the features are maintained irrespective of the physical or chemical signifier, although it might be dearly-won. Aluminum The extraction of aluminium from its ore requires immense sum of energy. To pull out aluminium from aluminum oxide is a complex procedure. Recycling aluminium merely takes about 5 % of the energy used compared to bring forthing it via excavation, and therefore merely releases 5 % of the CO2 emanation. This in add-on decreases the sum of waste being transported to the landfill. A recycled aluminium can salvage adequate energy to run a telecasting set for 3 hours. For illustration, recycling 1kg of aluminium saves up to 6kg of bauxite, 4kg of chemical merchandises and 14 kWh of electricity. Steel Iron is extracted from Fe ore which is common and extremely abundant. Normally found in a combined signifier with O or other elements like sulfur or C. Huge sums of energy required to pull out the Fe from the ore. Over 11 million dozenss of Fe and steel bits are produced every twelvemonth. From this sum 70 % are recovered. Of the staying measure, 60 % is sent to the landfill. Every ton of steel recycled can salvage 1.5 dozenss of Fe ore, 0.5 dozenss of coal, 40 % of the H2O used in production, 75 % of the energy required to pull out steel from the natural stuff, 1.28 dozenss of solid waste, lessening in air pollution emanation of up to 86 % , and decrease of H2O pollution release by 76 % . Recycling Metallic elements / Other Metallic elements to Look Out For Copper, Ni, brass, lead, gold, Ag, etc. can all be recycled. Since these metals are all rather valuable merely a smaller measure is in circulation. The recovery of these metals is sometimes ignored particularly when they are used in families and these points are disposed of by the homeowners.Application of Recycled OilDid you cognize? That used, second-hand oil can be farther re-refined into base stock for lubricating oil? And besides, if you recycle merely 2 gallons of used oil, it is sufficient to bring forth electricity to run the mean family for about 24 hours. Cars, like many transit vehicles, are an indispensable portion of life for many of us. What is done with the used oil, whether to dispose of it or to recycle it plays a important function in equilibrating our desire for convenient transit with our hope for a clean and healthy environment for our kids? We are all familiar with recycling newspapers, aluminium tins, glass and plastic bottles, but many of us are non even cognizant of the attempts carried out by elephantine crude oil industry to advance used motor oil for recycling, for illustration, supplying convenient aggregation sites for the intent of maintaining used motor oil out of our H2O supplies and doing certain that the oil goes back into the recycling rhythm. Curiously plenty, even after it has been drained from an engine, motor oil retains some of its value. The oil collected can be recycled to salvage energy. Many establishments, schools or workss process the used oil for electricity coevals. Some workss even process it to be used for engine oil once more. As consumer, we can direct our used oils for recycling by taking it to the aggregation centre. If our autos are taken to the auto service centre, we can be reasonably certain that the oil will be recycled after they change. Additionally, we can do a difference by recycling the oil from our auto, truck, bike, boat, recreational vehicle or lawnmower. By dropping off our used motor oil today we help forestall pollution and conserve energy for a safer and healthier tomorrow Recycling used motor oil maintain oil out of landfills and ensures that this oil is available for re-use, reconditioning, recycling or re-refining. In fact, the best oil for the interest of environment is the longer permanent oil, doing certain that less oil is generated. Equally much as over 380 million gallons of used oil is recycled every individual twelvemonth harmonizing to the U.S. EPA, which is tantamount to over 50 per centum of all motor oil purchased yearly. Currently, used motor oil can be re-used or recycled in one of the three known ways – reconditioning, recycling or re-refining. Re-refining With modern and sophisticated method, refinement can be done with accurate provender and rigorous quality control. Used motor oil can be processed to take any drosss so it can be reused as a base stock for the new lubricating oil. This efficaciously extends the lifetime of the oil, doing it reclaimable for many times without directing it to the landfill. At the present, less than 15 % of used motor oil is refined and the consumer demand for refined used motor oil is low, doing it difficult to prolong for concern. It is of import to observe that the purchased refined used motor oil comply with the oil specifications as set by the vehicle maker. Reconditioning In some industries, oil is filtered or clean in commercial graduated table machine. Although it may non change over the oil back to its premier quality, it can take drosss and cardinal additives can be added to widen its life and maps. Re-Use and Reprocessing Both motor oil and fuels are petroleum merchandise. As lubricator, when the oil has ceased operation, it can be reused to be burned as fuel without the demand for farther intervention. Water and certain atoms may necessitate to be removed earlier before the oil can be burn for electricity coevals. 74 % of all oil recycled in the United States of America is for the intent of fuel burning in turbines, incinerators, power workss, cement kilns and fabrication installations. An extra 11 % of used motor oil is burned in specifically designed industrial infinite warmers. This creates a valuable signifier of energy, which helps our economic system by avoiding the demand to polish new commercial warming oil from imported petroleum oil.Decision

Sunday, January 5, 2020

Data Standards And Public Health Information - 873 Words

Data standards are a means of creating terms and methods that are common/universally understood which will assist in the efficient exchange of public health information (O Carroll et al, 2010). Health Level Seven (HL7) and its individuals give a structure (and related principles) for the exchange, reconciliation, sharing, and recovery of electronic health data. These measures characterize how data is packaged and conveyed between involved parties. It sets the dialect, structure and information type needed for consistent integration between systems. HL7 principles bolster clinical practice and the administration, conveyance, and assessment of health services, and are perceived as the most generally utilized in the world ( Creating and utilizing uniform information measures has been found to be one of the significant difficulties of public health organizations as they advance toward the utilization of electronic trade of information rather than the paper form they have been utilizing (O Carroll et al, 2010). Health information is vastly available not only to health professionals but also to the layman. The growing use and availability of the internet has permitted and facilitated the distribution of information. However, without proper data standards by which public health institutions can abide by, there will be a lag in their ability to share and capitalize on the use of health information. A communal approach to representing and exchanging public health dataShow MoreRelatedFice Of Immunizations Within The Bureau Of Communicable Diseases812 Words   |  4 PagesThe Office of Immunizations within the Bureau of Communicable Diseases in the Department of Public Health of State X and county public health agencies collect immunization data from public and private healthcare providers (O’Carroll, Yasnoff, Ward, Ripp Martin, 2010). These two agencies currently do not have a uniform data standard for collecting and reporting immunization data. 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